Segmentation of the Striatum Using Data Fusion
AUVERGNE UNIV CLERMONT-FERRAND (FRANCE)MEDICAL IMAGING RESEARCH TEAM (ERIM)
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This article proposes a new segmentation scheme to detect cerebral structures in MRI acquisitions using numerical information contained in the image and expert knowledge brought by a specialist. This process is divided in three steps first, information contained in the MR image is extracted using a fuzzy clustering algorithm, and theoretical information concerning the structure to segment is modeled using possibility theory. Information fusion is then processed, followed by a decision step ending the structure segmentation. Heads of caudate nuclei and putamens are segmented using this method. Results are promising and validation is performed using both numerical indexes and assessment by an expert. This method can be applied to any cerebral structure in an MR image, provided that it can be described in terms of shape, direction and distance by an expert and that the contrast and resolution of the MRI are sufficient.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Theoretical Mathematics