Advances in Noncontact Endocardial Mapping
BAYLOR COLL OF MEDICINE HOUSTON TX
Pagination or Media Count:
We globally investigated 1 the properties of noncontact cardiac electrograms measured by multielectrode cavitary probes, 2 the features of endocardial electrograms computed from the noncontact probe electrograms, and 3 the impact of the probe size on both the noncontact and the computed electrograms. We deployed a custom catheter in the dog RA, which consisted of a cylindrical probe with 64 electrodes on its surface, for measuring noncontact cavitary electrograms, and a concentric endocardial basket carrying an additional array of 64 electrodes, for measuring contact endocardial electrograms. Both a 5-mm and a 10-mm diameter probe were sequentially tested daring normal as well as during paced rhythms. Boundary element method and numeric regularization were applied to compute endocardial electrograms at the basket electrode locations. We found that noncontact electrograms were attenuated and smoothed, and this effect was exaggerated with the small probe. Computed endocardial electrograms more accurately reconstructed important amplitude distribution and morphological features. In conclusion, global RA activation may be delineated directly from noncontact cavitary electrograms alone, bat may be affected by volume attenuation, smoothing, and probe size. Accurate endocardial electrograms, however, can be successfully computed from noncontact electrograms acquired with small probes.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Numerical Mathematics