Reliability of Centralized Criminal Record Repository Checks in Lieu of Local Criminal Justice Agency Checks in Four U.S. States: California, Florida, Pennsylvania, and Indiana
DEFENSE PERSONNEL SECURITY RESEARCH CENTER MONTEREY CA
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This study examined the consistency of information available between local, state, and national repositories of criminal records. The degree to which evidence of criminal conduct would be lost if state and national centralized repository checks were used in lieu of local agency checks varied by state, type of criminal conduct, and local agency originating arrest andor conviction information. For example, repositories identified at least 70 of offense information found through LACs in California, Florida, and Pennsylvania, but only 32 of the offense information surfaced through LACs in Indiana. At the same time, name-based state repository checks can potentially identify an additional 2 to 3.5 of offenders out of subjects believed not to have criminal records based on LACs. Using information from state repository checks, checks of the NCIC III, subject self-reports, and other adverse information from the EPSQ, between 78 and 89 of subjects known through LACs to have criminal records would be identified as having at least one criminal record. Recommendations based on these findings are offered.
- Administration and Management
- Information Science
- Sociology and Law