Classification of Fetal Heart Rate Tracings Based on Wavelet-Transform & Self-Organizing Map Neural Networks
NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIV ATHENS (GREECE) DEPT OF ELECTRICAL AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING
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The objective of the present study is the development of an automated computerized system that will assist the early diagnosis of fetal hypoxia. We demonstrate that it is possible to distinguish between healthy subjects and acidemic fetuses by way of wavelet transform analysis of the fetal heart rate recordings and fetal pulse oximetry FSpO2. We focus on the values of the standard deviation of the wavelet components up to scale index 5 and we apply Self-Organizing-Map in order to investigate the relationship between the fetal heart rate variability in different scales and FSpO2 taking as a threshold for the FSpO2, the 30 level and considering the minimum value of FSpO2 during a 10-minute segment for normal and acidemic fetuses during the second stage of labor, which can be used to discriminate acidemic fetuses from normal ones. A total accuracy of 91 has been achieved, enabling us to correctly classify all the normal cases but one as belonging in the normal group and all pathologic cases but two as belonging in the acidemia group, therefore providing a clinically significant measure for the discrimination of the different groups. Fetal pulse oximetry seems to be an important additional source of information.
- Medicine and Medical Research