Periodic Inspection of Ofu Harbor Breakwater, American Samoa
ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS COASTAL AND HYDRAULICSLAB
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Selected coastal navigation structures are periodically monitored under the Periodic Inspections work unit of the Monitoring Completed Navigation Projects Program. Such monitoring is done to gain an understanding of the long-term structural response of unique structures to their environment. Periodic data sets are used to improve knowledge in design, construction, and maintenance of both existing and proposed coastal navigation projects. The Ofu Harbor breakwater, American Samoa, was nominated for periodic monitoring by the U.S. Army Engineer District, Honolulu. The positions of the above-water, concrete armor units tribars on the breakwater were initially obtained in 1996 through ground surveys, aerial photography, and photogrammetric analysis. The structure was revisited in 2002 to determine changes that had occurred. Results indicated negligible movement of the concrete armor units and no armor unit breakage. The site will again be revisited in the future and long-term structural response of the structure to its environment will continue to be tracked. This data will facilitate engineering decisions concerning whether or not closer surveillance andor repair of the breakwater might be required to reduce its chance of failing catastrophically. The periodic inspection methods developed and validated for the Ofu Harbor breakwater may also be used to gain insight into other Corps structures.
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography
- Civil Engineering