Feasibility of EMG-Based Control of Shoulder Muscle FNS Via Artificial Neural Network
CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIV CLEVELAND OHDEPT OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
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We investigated the potential use of EMG recordings from voluntary shoulder muscles in individuals with C5 spinal cord injury to automatically control the stimulation to paralyzed shoulder muscles in a task-appropriate manner. A musculoskeletal model of the human shoulder and elbow was modified to have maximum muscle forces appropriate for C5 spinal cord injury, including completely and partially paralyzed muscles. Inverse model simulations generated muscle activation levels that were used to train an artificial neural network ANN to automatically generate appropriate stimulation patterns for the paralyzed muscles based on voluntary muscle activations. We found that substantial additional shoulder strength could be provided by assuming that just two paralyzed muscles pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi were stimulated. Further, the needed activations of these stimulated muscles could be predicted with reasonable accuracy using the activation levels just two voluntary muscles trapezius and rhomboids as ANN inputs.
- Medicine and Medical Research