Impedance Measurements as a Tool for the Detection of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals
TEL-AVIV UNIV (ISRAEL) DPT OF MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
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The growing awareness worldwide over the deleterions effects of endocrine disruptors on human health has created a need for screening systems to detect xenoestrogens, a diverse group of chemicals that mimic estrogenic actions and are assumed to decrease mail fertility and induce hormone related cancers in females, Here we describe a novel, class- selective detector that uses fast impedance measurements to monitor the binding of estrogen and xenoestrogens to a native estrogen receptor, We embedded the receptor in synthetic lipid bilayers attached to gold electrodes, The lipid bilayers serve as electrical circuits constructed of resistors and a capacitors. Estrogen binding to the receptor-modified electrode is immediately followed by conformational changes in the lipid layer, leading to alterations of the electrical circuit components that are detected by fast impedance measurements, The electrochemical system enabled characterization of changes in the bilayer structure and quantification of estrogen binding to the receptor. To assess the effectiveness of the method for detecting estrogenic chemicals, we chose two classes of xenoestrogens bisphenol-A, a synthetic xenoestrogen, and genistein, a phytoestrogen. This system is highly sensitive and amenable to use on-site, providing an efficient and economic tool for measuring minuscule amounts of endocrine disrupting chemicals in environmental or human samples.
- Medicine and Medical Research