Initial Experience with a Thin Single Segment Pressure and Conductance Catheter for Measurement of Left Ventricular Volume
KAROLINSKA INSTITUTET HUDDINGE (SWEDEN)DEPT OF MEDICAL ENGINEERING
Pagination or Media Count:
To evaluate a thin and soft multifunctional catheter for the simultaneous real time monitoring of left ventricular volume and pressure with special consideration to side effects such as interference with normal cardiac electrophysiology. Methods and results In four pigs, pressure and volume were simultaneously recorded by using the thin single segment pressure and conductance catheter. Measurements were done under varied cardiac conditions at baseline, during preload reduction and afterload increase. Volumes were calibrated with intracardiac ultrasound measurements. During preload reduction the pressure and volume decreased as expected. A cautious afterload increase resulted in a corresponding pressure and volume increase, the maximum of the pressure curve changed from early to late. Roth SV and EDV increased. The very few arrhythmias were mainly caused by surgical interference. Conclusion The present study demonstrates that our thin single segment conductance catheter for the simultaneous measurement of LV volume and pressure has a performance that warrants further development with the goal to make the method available for human use. In particular, the catheter did not cause any arrhythmias.
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