Accession Number:

ADA409541

Title:

Improved MRI Reconstruction From Reduced Scans K-Space by Integrating Neural Priors in the Bayesian Restoration

Descriptive Note:

Conference paper

Corporate Author:

DEMOCRITUS UNIV OF THRACE KOMOTINI (GREECE) SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING

Report Date:

2001-10-25

Pagination or Media Count:

5.0

Abstract:

The goal of this paper is to present the development of a new reconstruction methodology for restoring Magnetic Resonance Images MRI from reduced scans in k-space. The proposed approach considers the combined use of Neural Network models and Bayesian restoration, in the problem of MRI image extraction from sparsely sampled k-space, following several different sampling schemes, including spiral and radial, Effective solutions to this problem are indispensable especially when dealing with MRI of dynamic phenomena since then, rapid sampling in k-space is required, The goal in such a case is to make measurement time smaller by reducing scanning trajectories as much as possible, In this way, however, underdetermined equations are introduced and poor image reconstruction follows, It is suggested here that significant improvements could be achieved, concerning quality of the extracted image, by judiciously applying Neural Network and Bayesian estimation methods to the k-space data, More specifically, it is demonstrated that Neural Network techniques could construct efficient priors and introduce them in the procedure of Bayesian reconstruction, These ANN Priors are independent of specific image properties and probability distributions, They are based on training supervised Multilayer Perceptron MLP neural filters to estimate the missing samples of complex k-space and thus, to improve k-space information capacity, Such a neural filter based prior is integrated to the maximum likelihood procedure involved in the Bayesian reconstruction, It is found that the proposed methodology leads to enhanced image extraction results favorably compared to the ones obtained by the traditional Bayesian MRI reconstruction approach as well as by the pure MLP based reconstruction approach.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Statistics and Probability

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE