The Bottom-up Review: Forces for a New Era, Les Aspin, SECDEF, 1 September 1993
ARMY MEDICAL DEPT CENTER AND SCHOOL FORT SAM HOUSTON TX
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The Bottom-up Review was undertaken to select the right strategy, force structure, modernization programs, and supporting industrial base and infrastructure to provide for Americas defense in the post-Cold War era. The reviewers focused on the following potential dangers 1 threats posed by nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction, 2 threats of regional significance, 3 threats to democracy and reform, and 4 threats to economic stability. The review highlighted that new opportunity will probably arise in a safer, more prosperous world. For example there are opportunities to expand and adapt our existing security partnerships and alliances and build a larger community of democratic nations. To ensure America has the best trained, equipped, and prepared military, the reviewers considered these guiding principles during the review 1 keeping our forces ready to fight, 2 maintaining the quality of our people, and 3 maintaining technological superiority. The end result of this review was a reduced force structure that the authors believed was sufficient for a strategic deterrence and defense. However, while broadly acceptable in defense circles as an interim framework, it is beginning to near the end of its useful life. From a strategic level. Its major problem is that it focuses unduly on the vestiges of the Cold War in Korea and the Persian Gulf rather than ahead to the likely challenges of the next century.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Government and Political Science
- Nuclear Warfare