MILITARY TRAINING: DOD Lacks a Comprehensive Plan to Manage Encroachment on Training Ranges
GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC
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Senior Department of Defense and military service officials have testified before Congress that they face increasing difficulties in carrying out realistic training at military installations. According to the officials, there are eight so-called encroachment issues that affect or have the potential to affect military training and readiness. The eight encroachment issues are endangered species habitat on military installations, unexploded ordnance and munitions constituents, competition for radio frequency spectrum, protected marine resources, competition for airspace, air pollution, noise pollution, and urban growth around military installations. Whenever possible, the services work around these issues by modifying the timing, tempo, and location of training, as well as the equipment used. However, defense officials have expressed concern that these workarounds are becoming increasingly difficult and costly and that they compromise the realism essential to effective training.
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