The National Guard: A Future Homeland Security Paradigm?
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
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This monograph answers the question, Is the National Guard NG Counterdrug CD Support Program a suitable model to design an NG Homeland Security HLS force also capable of fulfilling the National Guards role as a first military responder and maintaining a warfighting capability as a federal ready reserve force In February 2001, the U.S. Commission on National Security21st Century recommended that the National Guard NG fulfill a primary role in HLS and posture to assist first responders and provide state governors with immediate command and control capability tied to a National Crisis Action Center. Following the Hart-Rudman study, Department of Defense DOD agreed HLS was the NG s responsibility, however an NG HLS program was not yet initiated or funded. To answer the question, the researcher conducts through a historical overview of the NG, two DTLOMS analyses, and a comparative analysis to determine parallels and shortfalls between the NG CD program and the requirements for an NG HLS force. The overview describes the founding of the militia, the dual role of the NG, and how the NG has played a major part in military operations both at home and abroad. In state status, as first military responders to domestic emergencies and disasters, NG members also conduct hundreds of actual domestic support missions each year. Analysis of the NG CD program confirmed that Title 32 NG CD members conduct CD operations as well as maintain a first military responder and federal ready reserve warfighter capabilities.
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Civil Defense