Investigation and Evaluation of Voice Stress Analysis Technology
Technical memorandum rept. Aug 1998-Jul 2001
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB ROME NY INFORMATION DIRECTORATE
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Numerous police officers and agencies have been approached in recent years by vendors touting computer-based systems capable of measuring stress in a persons voice as an indicator of deception. These systems are advertised as being cheaper, easier to use, less invasive in use, and less constrained in their operation than polygraph technology. They claim that a speakers medical condition, age, or consumption of drugs does not affect use of their system. Voice stress analysis does not require physical attachment of the system to the speakers body and does not require that answers be restricted to yes and no. Purportedly, according to some vendors, any spoken word or even a groan, whether recorded, videotaped, or spoken in person, with or without the speakers knowledge, are acceptable inputs to voice stress analysis systems. The value of voice stress analysis technology for military application could be extensive. During military field interrogations of potential informants, it could be applied in a manner similar to its application for law enforcement. Also, its not known if stressed speech has any effects on the accuracy of speech technology, such as speaker identification and language identification. If voice stress can be detected, perhaps it can be taken into account in applying voice recognition technology and be used to improve these recognition capabilities. Therefore, this effort is to determine the scientific value and utility of existing, commercial voice stress analysis technology for law enforcement and military applications.
- Voice Communications