Regional Implications of NBC Proliferation
NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC CENTER FOR COUNTERPROLIFERATION RESEARCH
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Non-proliferation objectives have long been given high priority by the United States, which has taken the lead in establishing international legal norms against the possession and the use of NBC weapons. The 1972 Biological Weapons Convention and as yet unratified 1992 Chemical Weapons Convention are expressions of this effort. The Clinton administrations emphasis on indefinite extension of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty NPT as well as its advocacy of a comprehensive test ban are more recent indications of the desire to prevent proliferation through arms control. Paralleling these regimes, the United States has long sought to promote multilateral export controls for sensitive technologies and materials. The Nuclear Suppliers Group, Australia Group, and Missile Technology Control Regime are prime examples of this effort. The on-going U.S. attempt to transform the Coordinating Committee on Multilateral Export Controls COCOM into a non-proliferation export control organization is another example.
- Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare