Understanding the Situation in the Urban Environment
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
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The monograph addresses the Armys recent attempts at gaining situational awareness in the urban environment. By leveraging technology, programs like Land Warrior and the Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain MOUT Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration ACTD have identified means for enabling the urban decision-maker to make better decisions through enhanced situational awareness. Both programs attempt to mitigate friction on the battlefield through reliance on technology. By seeking a technological edge to provide enhanced situational understanding, can the Army gain optimal decision-making capability for the MOUT environment Field Manual 3.0, Operations, defines situational understanding as the product of applying analysis and judgment to the Common Operational Picture COP to determine relationships among factors of mission, enemy, terrain, time, troops available, and civilians METT-TC. The pursuit of technology enhances only one aspect of situational understanding that of providing the COP or situational awareness. The other portion, the analysis and judgment is not adequately addressed in programs like Land Warrior and MOUT ACTD. Excessive trust in high-tech solutions may lead to a false sense of security easily removed by affordable counter technology. Training leaders to effectively handle the friction would be a better and more cost effective use of scarce resources. Authors Senge, Van Creveld, and Klein argue that effective combat decision-making is based on expertise and experience. Expertise and experience build confidence. Confidence in self and in other team members provides the foundation to handle the chaos in the urban environment. This monograph seeks to explore the urban environment and decision-making through several avenues. Army doctrine will provide how the Army contends to deal with decision-making. Theorist on decision-making will provide the background on how people make decisions.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics