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Variation Across Racial/Ethnic Groups in Effects of Racial Incidents on Satisfaction with Military Service
Research rept. Jun-Aug 2001
DEFENSE EQUAL OPPORTUNITY MANAGEMENT INST PATRICK AFB FL
Pagination or Media Count:
This study compares the effects of racial incidents on reported levels of satisfaction with military service across racialethnic groups by analyzing responses to the Armed Forces Equal Opportunity Survey AFEOS. Racial incidents generally have less of an impact on satisfaction of Whites than for any of the other racialethnic groups. Incidents perceived to affect promotion opportunities andor obtaining career enhancing assignments have the largest effects for all groups. The potentially negative influences of incidents are moderated significantly if individuals are satisfied with the investigative procedures. Unease in dealing with members of other groups and pressure to socialize with members of ones own racialethnic group also impacts the equal opportunity climate negatively for most groups. The effects of cultural awareness and related types of training vary across groups, suggesting possible value in exploring the feasibility of developing a set of culture-specific training modules that complement existing approaches. Working in an environment with a high proportion of minority workers is generally associated with lower levels of satisfaction or has no significant association, except for Asian Americans. Confidence in a supervisors fairness and commitment to creating a positive EO climate has a major positive influence on satisfaction.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE