A Comparison of the Security Requirements for Cryptographic Modules in FIPS 140-1 and FIPS 140-2
BOOZ-ALLEN AND HAMILTON INC MCLEAN VA
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Federal agencies, industry, and the public now rely on cryptography to protect information and communications used in critical infrastructures, electronic commerce, and other application areas. Cryptographic modules are implemented in these products and systems to provide cryptographic services such as confidentiality, integrity, non-repudiation and identification and authentication. Adequate testing and validation of the cryptographic module against established standards is essential for security assurance. Both Federal agencies and the public benefit from the use of tested and validated products. Without adequate testing, weaknesses such as poor design, weak algorithms, or incorrect implementation of the cryptographic module, can result in insecure products.