Taiwan's Foreign and Defense Policies
RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA
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The findings of this study on the foreign and defense policies of Taiwan can be divided into three sections 1 overall assessment 2 influences and 3 future trajectories and implications for U.S. policy. Overall Assessment Taiwans foreign and defense policies are principally focused on maintaining the security and prosperity of the territory of Taiwan and its 23 million inhabitants, in the context of a precarious and rapidly changing domestic and external environment. This environment is marked by three major features The large and growing political and military threat to Taiwans security posed by an increasingly capable Mainland Chinese regime, complicated by Taiwans growing economic ties with the Mainland and a variety of strong ethnic and cultural connections. The relatively weak level of political and military assistance provided to Taiwan by foreign powers, combined with Taiwans growing economic, social, and cultural involvement in the Asia-Pacific and beyond. A highly fluid domestic political and social situation, arising primarily from the ongoing democratization of Taiwans political process, generational turnover within its society, and the growing prosperity of Taiwans populace. The above three basic features of Taiwans security environment have produced a specific set of broad national security objectives and related foreign and defense policies. The Republic of China RCC government has five core national security objectives To maintain domestic support as an open and democratic polity representing the interests and aspirations of the majority of the Taiwan population. To sustain popular confidence in the ability of the government to protect Taiwans physical security and to ensure Taiwans continued prosperity in the face of a growing Chinese threat.
- Government and Political Science