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European Military Prospects, Economic Constraints, and the Rapid Reaction Force

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This study of European military prospects and economic constraints EMPEC was motivated by the long-standing concern of U.S. policymakers with moving toward a better balance with our European allies in providing military capabilities, as well as in the sharing of responsibilities, decisionmaking, and costs of our alliance relationship. This concern is largely shared by our NATO allies, who also nurture-with varying degrees of intensity-the additional aim of enhancing the autonomous military capabilities of the European Union EU apart from the NATO alliance, while at the same time moving toward a better balance within the alliance itself. The principal focus of the EMPEC project is the Unions European Security and Defense Policy ESDP and the ESDPs instrument, the Rapid Reaction Force RRF, with secondary attention to the Defense Capability Initiative DCI within NATO and the relationship be- tween the ESDP and the DCI. The DCI is a separate set of commitments by the members of NATO to upgrade their individual and collective capabilities and thereby enhance their capacity for bearing a larger share of the burden of and responsibility for NATO operations, together with U.S. forces. While these issues have many important political, diplomatic, and legal aspects, the narrower focus of this study is on defense economics. Specifically, this report addresses the prospects for economic growth, military spending, and military investments in Germany, France, the United Kingdom, and Italy to provide sufficient resources for enhancing the military capabilities sought by these four principal European NATO members for the ESDPRRF in the EU, or for the DCI within NATO.

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  • Military Forces and Organizations

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