Aided/Automatic Target Detection Using Reflective Hyperspectral Imagery for Airborne Applications
ARMY COMMUNICATIONS-ELECTRONICS COMMANDFORT BELVOIR VA NIGHT VISION AND ELECTRONICS SENSORS DIRECTORATE
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This paper presents an algorithm to support airborne, real-time automatic target detection using combined EOIR spatial and spectral discriminants for remote sensing surveillance and reconnaissance applications. The algorithm presented in this paper is sufficiently robust and optimized to accommodate high throughput, real-time, sub-pixel, hyperspectral target detection, and can also be used to support man-in-the loop or automatic target detection. The essence of this algorithm is the ability to select the adaptive endmember spectral signatures in real-time, regardless of target, background, and system related effects such as atmospheric conditions, calibration or sensor artifacts. Based on the selected endmembers, the spectral angle of the endmembers is used as the discriminant for target detection or terrain identification. The detection performance and false alarm rate FAR including the performances of different combinations of individual bands will be quantified. Statistical analysis including class distributions, various moments of hyperspectral data, and the endmember spectral signatures is examined. The Forest Radiance I database is collected with the HYDICE hyperspectral sensor reflective spectral band of 0.4um to 2.5um at Aberdeen U. S. Army Proving Ground in Maryland. The data set covers an area of about 10 sq km.
- Numerical Mathematics
- Target Direction, Range and Position Finding