RAND Research Brief: Why Milosevic Decided to Settle the Conflict Over Kosovo When He Did
RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA
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The Kosovo conflict was essentially settled on June 3, 1999, when Slobodan Milosevic, then-president of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, decided to accept NATOs terms for ending its 78-day bombing campaign. Since U.S. leaders will undoubtedly seek to apply the lessons of Kosovo to future conflicts, it is important that the motivations and calculations underlying Milosevics decision be understood. Two questions in particular require resolution. First, why did Milosevic refuse to settle the conflict earlier-say after a few days of bombing-as many allied leaders initially expected he would Second, why didnt he attempt to hold out even longer, as most NATO leaders eventually feared he would Drawing upon the testimony of Milosevic and other Serb and foreign officials who directly interacted with the Yugoslav president, Stephen T. Hosmer in a new RAND book The Conflict Over Kosovo Why Milosevic Decided to Settle When He Did weighs and analyzes the various factors and pressures that appear to have most heavily shaped Milosevics decisionmaking. The analysis offers insights into the capabilities that the United States and its allies will need for future coercive operations.
- Government and Political Science