Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling of a 40-mm Grenade with and Without Jet Flow
Final rept. Feb 1999-Mar 2001
ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
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This report describes a computational study undertaken to consider the aerodynamic effect of small tiny jets as a means to provide the control authority needed to maneuver a projectile at low subsonic speeds. Scalable Navier-Stokes computational techniques have been used to obtain numerical solutions for the jet-interaction flow field for a projectile at subsonic speeds. Computed results have been obtained at low subsonic speeds at 0 deg and 4 deg angle of attack. Both steady and unsteady jets have been considered. For comparison purposes, a jet-off case was also computed. Qualitative flow field features show the interaction of jets with the free stream flow. Numerical results show the effect of the jet locations and sizes on the flow field and surface pressures, and hence on the aerodynamic coefficients. Unsteady jet results have been obtained for a two-dimensional 2-D jet flow and compared with experimental data for validation. Some results obtained with an unsteady jet for the subsonic projectile are included. These numerical results are being assessed to determine if small tiny jets can be used to provide the control authority needed for maneuvering munitions in lieu of canards and fins.
- Fluid Mechanics