Chemical Characterization of the Pyrotechnically Disseminated XM30 Main Gun Signature Simulator
Final rept. Nov 1999-Jan 2000
EDGEWOOD CHEMICAL BIOLOGICAL CENTER ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
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The purpose of this study was to pyrotechnically disseminate the XM30 simulators in a controlled chamber environment and to maintain a specified concentration range for chemical characterization of the combustion products. Data was needed prior to material release and for incorporation into the items Life Cycle Environmental Assessment LCEA. Characterization was to principally include compounds of toxicological significance such as benzene, formaldehyde, and carbon monoxide but, detection of other volatile organic compounds, inorganic metals, and particle size analysis were also performed. The inorganic gases NOsub x and SOsub x were not analyzed for because previous data had already shown their concentrations to be far below their TLV-TWAs. A detailed mass balance was also well outside the scope of this study. For its current use in combat training exercises, this study provides evidence that the combustion products produced by firing of the XM30 simulator are of a safe and non-toxic nature.
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