Transforming the Armed Forces of Central and East Europe
NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC INST FOR NATIONAL STRATEGIC STUDIES
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The transformation of Central and East European CEE armed forces into modern contributors to Euro-Atlantic security during the next decade will be more difficult than in the last because euphoria over joining the West is dissipating and attention is turning to problems of reform CEE governments have been unable to provide long-term plans and to guarantee resources to build military capabilities. Plans still must be developed, especially in Slovakia and Slovenia. and reliable projections of resources are sorely needed in Romania Downsizing and restructuring militaries and integrating general staffs within ministries of defense can create friction in civil-military relations the United States could help mitigate such problems through retraining aimed at alternate careers and merit- based career development programs In moving to all-volunteer forces, CEE partners will lose an instrument for shaping the citizens of young democracies such as Lithuania and manpower pools from which to recruit extended-service volunteers like Germany NATO allies could provide partner programs focused on conscription to foster civic virtues and help define training for specific military roles and missions Confusion prevails over the appropriate length of conscription for each CEE country However, terms of 6 or 7 months can only prepare reserve forces and are not adequate to meet operational requirements.
- Military Forces and Organizations