Investigating the Regulation of Estrogen Receptor-Mediated Transcription
Annual summary rept. 1 Jun 2000-31 May 2001
COLORADO UNIV AT DENVER
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The estrogen receptor ER regulates the expression of genes involved in the growth, proliferation and differentiation of skeletal, cardiovascular, neural and reproductive tissues. A basic scheme for the mechanism for ER action has been developed, but precise details on the interactions between ER and the cellular signaling and transcription machinery required for receptor-mediated regulation of specific target genes are still lacking. We have developed an estrogen responsive system in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster in order to explore the functional interactions between ER and other cellular proteins. Transgenic flies carrying the human ER alpha and an estrogen responsive green fluorescent protein GFP reporter gene were constructed. In vivo expression of the GFP reporter gene was observed when larvae were grown on a food source containing steroidal or nonsteroidal estrogens. The induction of the reporter gene by estrogens was blocked upon treatment with tamoxifen, an estrogen antagonist. The polytene chromosomes of Drosophila larval salivary glands will be used to identify transcription cofactors and complexes recruited to an estrogen responsive promoter in vivo.
- Genetic Engineering and Molecular Biology
- Medicine and Medical Research