Focusing the Lens: A Framework for National Security Decision-Making With a Case Study of National Missile Defense
JOHN F KENNEDY SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT CAMBRIDGE MA
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Can decision-makers determine whether the timing is favorable before pursuing a specific course of action in implementing a national security program, particularly an innovation that requires simultaneous changes in technology, organization, strategy and policy National security innovators have no problem inventing a very clever pudding, but knowing when the pudding will be cooked becomes a more difficult task. To answer such a question, this paper develops the Lens Framework a tool for analyzing the myriad of players and issues that color and shape the decision-making landscape. At the heart of this framework is the idea that, in an environment of constrained and competing resources, the decision to expend intellectual and fiscal capital to push a program forward must be accompanied by a predictive assessment of whether the program has the requisite consensus for success. This assessment is most difficult when the program requires fundamental changes in government institutions, policy, and technology specifically, when it is a national security innovation.
- Antimissile Defense Systems
- Administration and Management
- Military Forces and Organizations