Turkey's Year of Living Dangerously
NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
The intervention by the Turkish military in June 1997, its fourth since 1960, was the first to stop short of a direct takeover of the government. The confrontation with civil authority began in early 1997, when the National Security Council, dominated by the Turkish General Staff, declared reactionism Islamist activism-to be a greater threat to Turkish security than separatism -the insurrection headed by the Kurdish Workers Party PKK. The General Staff stepped up its campaign in February 1998 when it announced a series of demands outlining what was permissible and what was banned to protect the security of the state and the legacy of secularism as defined by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of the modem Turkish Republic in the 1920s. The restrictions banned some forms of religious education, mosque construction, and the wearing of Islamic clothing the hijab or headscarf for women and girls, the turban for men.
- Government and Political Science