Environmental Contamination: Cleanup Actions at Formerly Used Defense Sites
GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC
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Identification, investigation, and cleanup of hazardous substances under DODs FUDS program are authorized by the Defense Environmental Restoration program DERP. Such actions must be carried out consistent with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 CERCIA as amended by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 SARA, which established DERP. The goals of the program also include the correction of environmental damage. To fund the program, SARA set up the Defense Environmental Restoration Account. DOD has established specific goals for the cleanup of properties, including FUDS, that have hazardous, toxic, and radioactive wastes in the soil and water. These goals include having an approved cleanup process in place or cleanup complete at 100 percent of all such properties by the end of fiscal year 2014. DOD has not yet set any goals for projects involving hazardous, toxic, and radioactive waste in containers, unexploded ordnance, other explosive wastes, or unsafe building demolition. Total spending for the FUDS cleanup program since fiscal 1984 is 2.6 billion. During the most recent past five fiscal years 1997-2001, annual program funding for FUDS cleanup averaged about 238 million, with program funding in fiscal year 2001 of 231 million. The Corps estimate of the additional cost to complete cleanup of the 4,467 currently identified projects is about 13 billion, not including program management or support costs or inflation beyond fiscal year 2007. Also omitted from the estimated cost is a revised cost projection for the cleanup of unexploded ordnance, which resulted from a recent survey of DOD training ranges. According to Corps officials, the revised cost projection for ordnance cleanup would add another 5 billion or more, depending on the level of cleanup selected, to the estimated cost to complete all FUDS projects.
- Radioactivity, Radioactive Wastes and Fission Products
- Solid Wastes and Pollution and Control
- Environmental Health and Safety