Self-Assembled (In,Ga)As/GaAs Quantum-Dot Nanostructures: Strain Distribution and Electronic Structure
Final rept. 15 Dec 1996-14 Mar 2001
VIRGINIA UNIV CHARLOTTESVILLE SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING AND APPLIED SCIENCE
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This document presents a simple analytical method for calculating the strain distribution in and around self-assembled In,GaAsGaAs quantum-dot nanostructures. The dots are assumed to be buried in an infinite medium so that the effects of free surfaces can be neglected. The model-based on classical continuum elasticity-is capable of handling dots of arbitrary shapes here, however, only dots with pyramidal and truncated-pyramidal shapes are considered. The approximate shape of the dots is extracted from high-resolution transmission electron microscope observations. The electronic energy levels in the dots are calculated by solving the three-dimensional effective mass Schroedinger equation. The carrier confinement potential in this equation is modified by the strain distribution. Because the dots are in a strong confinement regime, the effects of Coulomb interactions are neglected. The calculated confined eigen-energies agree with our experimental photoluminescence data. The calculations also support previous results reported by others.
- Solid State Physics
- Electricity and Magnetism
- Quantum Theory and Relativity