Experience in the Use of Computational Aerodynamics to Predict Store Release Characteristics
NAVAL AIR WARFARE CENTER AIRCRAFT DIV PATUXENT RIVER MD
Pagination or Media Count:
In the early days, store separation tests were conducted in a hit or miss fashion - the stores would he dropped from the aircraft at gradually increasing speeds until the store came close to or sometimes actually hit the aircraft. In some cases, this led to loss of the aircraft, and made some test pilots reluctant to participate in store separation flight test programs. During the 1960s, the Captive Trajectory System CTS method for store separation wind tunnel testing was developed. The CTS provided a considerable improvement over the hit or miss method, and became widely used in aircraftstore integration programs prior to flight-testing. However, since fairly small-scale models had to be used in the wind tunnel tests, in many cases, the wind tunnel predictions did not match the flight test results. No mechanism was then in place to resolve the wind tunnelflight test discrepancies. During this same timeframe, Computational Fluid Dynamics CFD had finally matured to the point of providing a trajectory solution for a store in an aircraft flowfield. However, Since the computational tools were necessarily due to computer resource limitations limited to linear techniques, and since most store separation problems occur at transonic speeds, these tools had limited application. Recent advances in computer resources have greatly improved the capability of CFD to predict store release characteristics. Instead of using linear or approximate schemes, time dependent Euler and Navier Stokes trajectories could he computed in a reasonable timeframe. Three international CFD challenges, held during the last decade of the 20th century, have shown that CFD cannot only match wind tunnel test data, but also predict flight test trajectories for complex stores at transonic speeds. It appears that CFD has matured to the point that it can be usefully integrated into aircraftstore compatibility programs.
- Numerical Mathematics
- Operations Research
- Fluid Mechanics