Human Factors Considerations for the Tags/Minimally Guided Munitions APL Alternative
Final rept. Apr-Dec 1999
MILITARY ACADEMY WEST POINT NY DEPT OFBEHAVIORAL SCIENCES AND LEADERSHIP
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In October 1997, the Department of Defense was directed to find alternatives to anti-personnel land mines APLs so that the US can end use of APLs by 2003 2006 within Korea. As part of the APL alternative development process, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency DARPA is investigating innovative long-term alternatives to APLs. The TagsMinimally Guided Munitions TagsMOM concept is one DARPA-proposed APL alternative. The system involves guiding short-range indirect fire through the use of small transmitters attached to enemy soldiers. This paper discusses human factors issues involved in the development and implementation of the TagsMOM concept. A model of tag effects on soldier behavior is proposed. Based on this model, four major human factors issues involved in the concept are identified and discussed tag characteristics, enemy knowledge of the TagsMOM system, behavior of tagged enemy soldiers, and behavior of untagged enemy soldiers. Potential design considerations, potential psychological and behavioral effects, and potential operational effects of the TagsMGM system are discussed as applications and areas for future research.
- Land Mine Warfare