Naturalistic Decision Making in Aviation Environments
DEFENCE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION VICTORIA (AUSTRALIA) AERONAUTICAL AND MARITIME RESEARCH LAB
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The majority of accidents and incidents in aviation can be attributed partially to poor decision making and judgement strategies. By gaining an understanding of aircrew decision strategies used in the operational environment of the cockpit, it may be possible to improve decision processes and outcomes for both expert and novice pilots. Naturalistic decision making NDM is proposed as an intuitive decision strategy used by experienced pilots to make operational decisions. The cockpit is considered a naturalistic environment due to characteristics such as experienced operators, multiple players and teams, dynamic conditions, shifting and competing goals, high risks, time pressure, and ambiguous or missing data. NDM strategies focus upon situation assessment and the serial evaluation of decisions through mental simulation. Decision aiding to improve situation assessment and decision training to impart awareness of the limitations and weaknesses heuristics and biases of human decision processes are both aimed at improving the overall decision performance of both expert and novice pilots. The overall aim is to improve aviation safety and reduce the number of accidents and incidents due to poor decision making and judgements.
- Military Aircraft Operations