China: Sources of Conflict
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
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As a large non-democratic Asian nation with a population of 1.2 billion, China has emerged from the Cold War as a key long-term security challenge. Its dominant geo-strategic location, independent foreign policy, and large standing conventional and nuclear arsenal pose a significant threat to regional stability as China strengthens its economic influence and increases its ability to project power. While Chinas ever-increasing authority and geo-strategic position make this a region of critical concern for the United States, so does its increasing reliance on energy producing resources, and encroachment upon strategic and potentially mineral rich areas. As a consequence, Chinas rapid economic growth and increasing dependence on oil requires an assertive and aggressive foreign policy, which support Beijings efforts to obtain valuable resources that allow China to act autonomously. This paper shall therefore examine the emergence of China, and her geo-strategic position within the Asia-Pacific region. Central to this effort is Chinas growing dependence on oil, the South China Sea, and the emerging areas of contention that increase the potential for a confrontation, should China view the United States as a direct military threat.
- Information Science
- Government and Political Science