Evidence of Positive Student Outcomes in JROTC Career Academies
RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CA
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Career academies, school-within-a-school high school programs organized around a vocational theme, have become a popular approach for addressing the needs of at-risk students. Few published studies have evaluated their effectiveness, and most of these studies have focused on the same small set of academies. This research examines student outcomes for 18 cohorts of entering students enrolled in a total of eight pairs of schools in five major urban school districts across the United States. Pairs of schools were chosen to help rule out selectivity bias. We focus on student attendance, grades, and graduation status, using a propensity weighting technique to adjust for selection into the career academy. In 1992, the Departments of Defense and Education sponsored the development of career academies in a number of urban centers, enhancing the traditional career academy model with the addition of required enrollment in the Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps JROTC program of instruction. The eight career academies in this study are a subset of the thirty-eight academies begun under this initiative. These academies came to be called JROTC Career Academies JROTCCA.
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