The European Security and Defense Identity: A Challenge for NATO and the United States
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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The development of the EUs European Security and Defense Policy ESDP since 1998 has strongly affected the EU-NATO relationship. Starting with the Franco-British bilateral declaration at Saint-Malo in December 1998, the EU recognized the need for autonomous military capacities for actions outside NATOs framework. This policy challenged NATOs agreement to enhance the European Security and Defense Identity ESDI as a European pillar within NATO, as agreed at NATOs Ministerial Meeting in Berlin in June 1996. As the development of the EUs ESDP between December 1998 and December 2000 indicated, the members of the EU have put more emphasis on developing ESDP within the EU rather than developing ESDI within NATO. Developing the ESDP inside the EU, however, tends to undermine NATOs concept of strengthening the European pillar under the authority of the North Atlantic Council.
- Government and Political Science