Enhancing the Army's Strategic Deployability
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
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Since the end of the cold war, the US Army has become a force-projection Army with reduced forward basing. With increased overseas commitments, the Armys ability to conduct strategic deployment is more important than ever. In the next decade, the Army will deploy interim, forces that are more deployable because they are lighter and require a reduced logistical tail as compared to heavy forces. While there is no question that these medium interim forces are more deployable than Force XXI units they lack the firepower and protection that the Armys heavy forces provide. The Armys inclusion of medium weight units in the force does not obviate the need for heavy forces. Heavy forces, combined with interim forces, will remain a critical part of the Armys power projection force. This monograph examines a range of possible actions the nation could take in the effort to improve strategic deployability to include expandingoptimizing the use of CRAF modifying the Armys equipment pre-positioning system increasing the procurement of strategic airlifters modifying the strategic sealift procurement and Army force structure modifications. This monograph concludes that the assumptions concerning the requirements for strategic lift should be re-examined in light of the current global environment and US strategic lift capabilities. As the C-17 replaces the C-14l, there may exist a capabilities gap in the military strategic airtleet Modified civilian passenger aircraft could fulfill this role for the military. There is also reason for concern with strategic sealift. The Merchant Marines ability to crew the RRF is suspect and they may soon be incapable of filling the estimated 4000 billets required in a prolonged conflict. Aside from lift assets, the Army is making some significant internal changes which should enhance deployability.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics