Investigating the Regulation of Estrogen Receptor-Mediated Transcription
Annual rept. 1 Jun 1999-31 May 2000
COLORADO UNIV HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER DENVER
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The estrogen receptor ER regulates the expression of genes involved in the growth, proliferation and differentiation of skeletal, cardiovascular, neural and reproductive tissues. A basic scheme for the mechanism for ER action has been developed, but precise details on the interactions between ER and the cellular signaling and transcription machinery required for receptor- mediated regulation of specific target genes are still lacking. We have developed an estrogen responsive system in the fruit fly, Drosophlla melanogaster in order to explore the functional interactions between ER and other cellular proteins. Transgenic flies carrying the human ER alpha and an estrogen responsive green fluorescent protein GFP reporter gene were constructed. In vivo expression of the GFP reporter gene was observed when larvae were grown on a food source containing steroidal or nonsteroidal estrogens. The induction of the reporter gene by estrogens was blocked upon treatment with tamoxifen, an estrogen antagonist. However, we did not recapitulate ligand-independent activation of the receptor in vivo or in cultured Drosophila cells. An estrogen responsive Drosophila system could be used to identify and characterize the complex functional interactions between ER and the other components of the cellular transcriptional apparatus.
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research