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British Policies Regarding the European Union's Emerging Defense Dimension
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA
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This thesis provides an analysis of the evolution and prospects of post-1945 British policies regarding multinational European security institutions, particularly the European Union EU, the Western European Union WEU, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO. Specifically, this thesis analyses the factors behind the Blair governments 1998 proposal to strengthen the European pillar of NATO and endow the EU with a defense dimension. This policy offers certain advantages for Britains foreign and domestic policy agendas. Most of the other member nations of the European Union have responded favorably to the British policy shift since it has given a new impetus to the EUs Common Foreign and Security Policy CFSP. This thesis examines the Blair governments initiatives in European defense, and assesses the ramifications of the December 1998 St. Malo declaration by Britain and France. In addition, it addresses how building the European Security and Defense Identity ESDI may strengthen both NATO and the European Union and assist in making the EUs CFSP a reality.
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE