Accession Number:

ADA376128

Title:

Single-Pulse Dual-Energy Mammography Using a Binary Screen Coupled to Dual CCD Cameras

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. 15 Jul 1994-14 Jul 1999

Corporate Author:

CALIFORNIA UNIV DAVIS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1999-08-01

Pagination or Media Count:

165.0

Abstract:

Mammographic screening for breast cancer currently represents a womens best chance for surviving breast cancer. Nevertheless, for women with dense breasts, mammography by itself may not be as efficient as other imaging strategies. Dual energy mammography is a technique in which the complicated structure of the normal, dense breast can be eliminated mathematically in the image, thereby highlighting the remaining microcalcification structures that may be present and are early tell-tale signs of possible breast cancer. This grant focused on optimizing maximizing image quality while minimizing radiation dose the dual energy mammography technique using computer simulation and Monte Carlo techniques. In addition, a dual energy mammography system was built and its performance was measured. The research identified the best x-ray spectra that should be used for dual energy mammography acquisition. The research also indicated that single pulse, dual detector dual energy acquisition should be avoided, and rather dual x-ray pulse switched kVp approaches using a single detector should be used. Several databases were produced by this effort. These tools, which include a comprehensive attenuation coefficient library, four spectral models, and tables for generating breast dose, should be useful for other investigators seeking to further improve the sensitivity of mammography screening.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Radiobiology
  • Cybernetics
  • Nuclear Physics and Elementary Particle Physics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE