Active Shielding and Control of Environmental Noise
INSTITUTE FOR COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING HAMPTON VA
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We present a mathematical framework for the active control of time-harmonic acoustic disturbances. Unlike many existing methodologies, our approach provides for the exact volumetric cancellation of unwanted noise in a given predetermined region of space while leaving unaltered those components of the total acoustic field that are deemed as friendly. Our key finding is that for eliminating the unwanted component of the acoustic field in a given area, one needs to know relatively little in particular, neither the locations nor structure nor strength of the exterior noise sources needs to be known. Likewise, there is no need to know the volumetric properties of the supporting medium across which the acoustic signals propagate, except, maybe, in the narrow area of space near the boundary perimeter of the domain to be shielded. The controls are built based solely on the measurements performed on the perimeter of the region to be shielded moreover, the controls themselves i.e., additional sources are concentrated also only near this perimeter. Perhaps as important, the measured quantities can refer to the total acoustic field rather than to its unwanted component only, and the methodology can automatically distinguish between the two. In the paper, we construct a general solution to the aforementioned noise control problem. The apparatus used for deriving the general solution is closely connected to the concepts of generalized potentials and boundary projections of Calderons type. For a given total wave field, the application of Calderons projections allows us to definitively split between its incoming and outgoing components with respect to a particular domain of interest, which may have arbitrary shape. Then, the controls are designed so that they suppress the incoming component for the domain to be shielded or alternatively, the outgoing component for the domain, which is complementary to the one to be shielded.
- Numerical Mathematics
- Theoretical Mathematics