Direct Reduction Processes for the Production of Titanium Metal. Report of the Ad Hoc Panel of the Committee on Technical Aspects of Critical and Strategic Materials
NATIONAL MATERIALS ADVISORY BOARD (NAS-NAE) WASHINGTON DC
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Existing technology was reviewed with the aid of individuals currently and formerly associated with the titanium metal industry. Reduced demand for titanium metal after 1957 adversely affected the titanium metal producing industry in the United States. Currently, of the titanium metal consumed domestically, 30 percent is imported. The domestic producers, as well as the major foreign producers, use the Kroll magnesium or Hunter sodium technology developed in the United States. The development of new technology to produce pure titanium metal at a lower cost is important because of 1 economic aspects of commercial markets, and 2 strategic aspects of domestic production. While no essentially new technology appears imminent, areas for development in research and production are identified. Process improvements are needed if titanium, relative to other metals, is to attain an improved competitive position for large tonnage use.
- Properties of Metals and Alloys
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies