Accession Number:

ADA370904

Title:

Influence of an Antiperspirant on Foot Blister Incidence during Cross-Country Hiking

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.,

Corporate Author:

ARMY CENTER FOR HEALTH PROMOTION AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE (PROVISIONAL) ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD

Report Date:

1999-11-01

Pagination or Media Count:

6.0

Abstract:

Rubbing moist skin results in higher frictional forces than rubbing very dry skin. As friction increases, the probability of activity-related blisters also increases. Therefore reducing Moisture may reduce blister incidence during physical activity. Objective We examined whether an antiperspirant can reduce foot blisters during hiking. Methods In a double-blind study, cadets attending the U.S. Military Academy were separated into two groups that used either an antiperspirant 20 aluminum chloride hexahydrate in anhydrous ethyl alcohol or placebo anhydrous ethyl alcohol preparation. Cadets were told to apply preparations to their feet for 5 consecutive nights. On day 6, cadets completed a 21-km hike, and their feet were examined for blisters before and after. Results Because of dropouts, the final sample size was 667 cadets with 328 in the antiperspirant group and 339 in the placebo group. There was a high rate of noncompliance with the treatment schedule Cadets used the preparations from 0 to 5 nights before the hike. For cadets using the preparations at least 3 nights before the hike n 269, the incidence of foot blisters was 21 for antiperspirant group and 48 for the placebo group P 0.01. However, reports of skin irritation were 57 for the antiperspirant group and 6 for the placebo group P 0.01. Conclusion A 20 solution of aluminum chloride exaggerate in anhydrous ethyl alcohol may be effective in reducing foot blisters during hiking however, the side effect of skin irritation should be considered and preventive measures studied to reduce this irritation.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE