Export Controls: Implementation of the 1998 Legislative Mandate for High Performance Computers
GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS DIV
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We found that most of the 938 proposed exports of high performance computers to civilian end users in countries of concern from February 3, 1998, when procedures implementing the 1998 authorization act became effective, to March 1999, did not require a license. The agencies that reviewed the exporters proposals-the Departments of Commerce, Energy, Defense, and State and, until March 1999, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency-allowed 828 proposed high performance computer exports to continue without a license, but they required license applications for 101 proposed exports. Nine export proposals were classified as incomplete and returned to the exporter. The majority of the agencies objections to the 101 proposed exports were based on concerns that the proposed end users of the computers might have been involved in military or proliferation-related activities. Of the 101 license applications required, 16 were approved and 6 were denied. The remaining 79 were returned to the exporters without action, which essentially blocks the proposed export. Licenses that were approved had additional conditions placed on the reexport or end use of the computers. The majority of these applications involved China, India, and Israel. Licenses were required in nine cases where the end user had previously received computers without a license before the Authorization Act was implemented.
- Administration and Management
- Computer Hardware