National Guard Homeland Defense Division Filling the Gap in Weapons of Mass Destruction Defense
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
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Weapons of mass destruction WMD pose a new and significant threat to American security. The nation does not presently possess the ability to adequately deal with this threat. Congress has tasked DoD to develop capabilities to deal with this threat. In particular, DoD has undertaken programs to train those who will initially respond to a WMD attack preparedness and to form units with technical WMD skills to assist in a larger federal relief effort response. DoDs present concept for preparedness and response is not adequate to provide a long term, comprehensive defense. The preparedness program has a narrow focus and ignores necessary refresher training. The DoD response does little more than add small technical units to the current disaster relief DR structure. DR is an ad hoc organizational response that cannot react quickly to a WMD incident. The DR structure is composed of units dispersed throughout DoD components and commands, and responsible to different authorities. The National Guard can, if properly structured, provide genuine WMD homeland defense. Its inherent strengths and characteristics make it the force of choice for this mission. Its integration with state agencies makes it a model for civil military interagency cooperation, and its infrastructure is a well positioned base to establish a comprehensive WMD defense throughout the nation. The National Guard should be tasked with the WMD homeland defense mission. It should reorganize the two combat divisions and separate brigades not apportioned to current war plans into two Homeland Defense HLD Divisions. The HLD divisions should replace the two Response Task Forces presently established by U.S. Army Forces Command to manage the consequences of a WMD attack. They should be organized, trained and equipped specifically for WMD consequence management, and should become responsible for all military support operations within their regions.
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics