Improving Navy Women's Health: Preventing Smoking Relapse After Recruit Training
Final rept. 18 Sep 95-28 Feb 99
SAN DIEGO STATE UNIV FOUNDATION CA
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Smoking is a modifiable behavior that is negatively related to womens health and physical readiness, and is a behavior that increases the burden on military health care systems. This behavior is of particular concern to the DoD because military women are more likely to smoke than their civilian counterparts and because women have greater difficulty quitting than do men. The present study, funded by the Defense Womens Health Research Program DWHRP, tested an innovative approach to reducing smoking among Navy women by evaluating two different relapse-prevention interventions that support maintenance of the quit status organizationally mandated during basic training. Women smokers n3 ,O3 6 were assigned either to a control group or one of two intervention groups at entry into basic training. One intervention group was encouraged to access a telephone helpline for counseling to remain a nonsmoker the other group received a series of monthly mailings. Analysis of smoking rates at 3-, 6-, and 12-months post-graduation were completed to evaluate the effectiveness of the interventions in maintaining the cold turkey smoking cessation induced during recruit training. At each of the assessment points post recruit training, quit rates were higher than expected spontaneous quit rates, indicating an impact of the totally smoke-free recruit training environment. However, there were no phone or mail intervention effects, suggesting the need for stronger efforts to lower smoking rates among military personnel.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Stress Physiology