Job Demands, Duty Status, and Accident Rates tor U.S. Navy Enlisted Personnel
Interim rept. Apr-Sep 98
NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
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U.S. Navy occupations with high on-duty accident rates also tend to have high off-duty accident rates. This association has been interpreted as evidence that some occupations attract personnel whose personality profile includes greater than average risk taking. This paper compared this personality trait interpretation with an alternative occupational learning interpretation that assumed that on-duty exposure to risks can teach risk taking The evidence indicated that 1 Occupational physical demands and reaction time demands predicted both on-duty and off-duty accident rates. 2 The partial correlation between on-duty and off-duty accident rates controlling for those two occupational demands was statistically nonsignificant. 3 A single factor model, such as that implied by the risk taking trait perspective, did not fit the data. The findings supported the view that occupational experiences are one basis for learning to take risks both on-duty and off duty.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Safety Engineering