Large Engine Uncontained Debris Analysis
NAVAL AIR WARFARE CENTER WEAPONS DIV CHINA LAKE CA
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Naval Air Warfare Center has conducted an analysis to define the characteristics of large commercial transport turbine engine uncontained debris. The objective of the analysis was to define the debris size, weight, exit velocity, and trajectory that can be used to update Advisory Circular AC 20-128A. The effort was conducted by gathering historical data from uncontained engine failures. This data included, when available, phase of flight, engine operating condition, the failed engine component, aircraft damage location, and damage size. With this basic information, debris size was correlated to damage size. A methodology was developed to estimate debris exit velocity. Representative engine cases and cowls were defined and existing ballistic penetration equations used to calculate debris exit velocity. This analysis was conducted for disk and blade failures on fan, compressor, and turbine components. Results of the analysis provided some interesting insight to these events. Looking at the debris trajectories, the analysis shows that the trajectories defined in AC 20-128A are too narrow and should be expanded significantly. Also, the analysis highlights the fact that during an uncontained event the aircraft is subjected to multiple small fragment impacts, not just a single impact. It is the combined effects from the small fragments that pose the highest hazard potential to the aircraft.
- Jet and Gas Turbine Engines