NTO-Based Explosive Formulations: A Technology Review
DEFENCE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANISATION CANBERRA (AUSTRALIA)
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3-Nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one NTO is an explosive ingredient under investigation as a potential insensitive replacement for RDX in explosive formulations. Although its performance is slightly less than that of RDX, NTO is thermally more stable and less sensitive to hazard stimuli. Explosive compositions based on NTO are therefore more likely to be Extremely Insensitive Detonating Substances, and munitions filled with them may meet the criteria of both Insensitive Munitions IM and HD 1.6 classification for storage and transportation. This report examines the currently available literature on NTO and its use in explosive compositions, and recommends future work to explore the possible application of NTO in IM compliant explosives for the ADF.
- Ammunition and Explosives