Instructural Strategies for Reducing Stress and Improving Self-Efficacy and Job Performance of Female Naval Recruits
Annual rept. 25 Sep 97-24 Sep 98
SOUTHWEST RESEARCH INST SAN ANTONIO TX
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The purpose of this research is to increase the academic success of female recruits in a technical aspect of recruit training. Two instructional interventions were developed and tested. In the context of firefighting training, the Advance Organizer provided a structure for acquiring and storing technical material. Initial results indicate that female recruits experience less academic success than male recruits, in spite of the fact that females score higher on the Armed Forces Qualification Test AFQT than males do. However, contrary to the general belief that females are more stressed than male recruits, it was found that there is little to no difference in the traits of efficacy, role ambiguity, role conflict, and mood. The Role Model intervention exemplifies appropriate team and individual behavior through a series of interactive scenarios, which mirror appropriate Navy behavior. Initial results indicate that the Role Model had some positive effects on the distress and efficacy of females. The Advance Organizer made a significant positive impact on the academic success of female recruits. The primary focus of next years work will be an indepth analysis of recruit interactions with the Advance Organizer to determine what factors contribute to learning strategies, if any.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations