Nickel Hazards to Fish, Wildlife, and Invertebrates: A Synoptic Review
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY WASHINGTON DC
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This account is a selective review and synthesis of the technical literature on nickel and nickel salts in the environment and their effects on terrestrial plants and invertebrates, aquatic plants and animals, avian and mammalian wildlife, and other natural resources. The subtopics include nickel sources and uses physical, chemical, and metabolic properties of nickel nickel concentrations in field collections of abiotic materials and living organisms nickel deficiency effects lethal and sublethal effects, including effects on survival, growth, reproduction, metabolism, mutagenicity, teratogenicity, and carcinogenicity currently proposed nickel criteria for the protection of human health and sensitive natural resources and recommendations for additional research.
- Inorganic Chemistry